Santos is taken into account to be one of many world’s fundamental seaborne distribution factors for cocaine. Situated on the coast of São Paulo, it seems on the record of 4 locations that excel within the international maritime drug commerce, together with Buenaventura and Cartagena in Colombia and Guayaquil in Ecuador.
The knowledge is contained in a world report by the United Nations Workplace on Medicine and Crime (UNODC), launched this week.
Nonetheless, the identical doc reveals that smaller ports positioned within the northern a part of Brazilian territory are taking over an more and more essential position as warehouses for the transatlantic cocaine commerce, particularly for shipments certain for Europe.
The report doesn’t specify which ports are concerned, nor does it make clear wherein states of the north/northeast they’re positioned, however reviews that traffickers are resorting to those options because of elevated controls on the port of Santos.
For researcher Thiago Moreira de Souza Rodrigues of the Postgraduate Program in Strategic Protection and Safety Research on the Federal College of Fluminense (PPGEST/UFF), some ports within the Northeast stood out as bases.
“Brazil has an Atlantic projection in direction of Africa and Europe. The ports within the north and primarily within the northeast – Recife, Maceió, Fortaleza – have a projection in relation to Europe. The Northeast is the a part of South America that’s closest to Europe and Africa,” says the researcher.
This April, the Federal Police (PF) carried out an operation in opposition to a felony group that used the port of Salvador to move medication to Europe. From 2019 to 2021, greater than 3.5 tons of cocaine trafficked by the group had been seized.
In December 2021, virtually half a ton of cocaine was seized by the Federal Tax Workplace within the port of Mucuripe in Fortaleza. The cargo, estimated at R$250 million, was destined for the port of Rotterdam within the Netherlands.
In November of the identical yr, 1.6 tonnes of the drug was discovered within the port of Natal (RN) disguised in a cargo of ginger. Final month, a ton of cocaine blended with a cargo of manganese was seized on the port of Vila de Conde in Barcarena (PA). In each circumstances, the goal was the identical Dutch port metropolis.
Nonetheless, the port of Santos, because the report itself factors out, has not misplaced its strategic significance for unlawful enterprise. Final Thursday (30), for instance, the federal police and the federal monetary service seized 500 kilograms of cocaine hidden in a container in the course of a authorized cargo of sugar.
Two weeks earlier, a ton of the drug was seized in two operations on the port of São Paulo.
Nevertheless it’s not simply São Paulo and the Northeast. Comparable seizures had been made this yr in ports comparable to Paranaguá (PR), Rio Grande (RS), a non-public terminal in Vitória (ES) and Aracruz (ES).
The identical report exhibits that Brazil is listed as the primary exporter of cocaine exterior the Americas, even forward of Colombia, one of many world’s high three cocaine producers, together with Bolivia and Peru.
Whatever the three producing international locations, Brazil is listed as one of many three most essential international locations on this planet cocaine market, together with Ecuador and Mexico.
Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador are recognized as the primary entry factors for cocaine coming into Europe.
From 2015 to 2021, 70% of cocaine seized in Africa and 46% of shipments seized in Asia left the Americas by way of Brazil. In 2020 and 2021, the nation accounted for 72% of the cocaine discovered by Asian authorities.
“Brazil has already established itself on this place. For greater than a decade, the report has recognized Brazil as a key level for worldwide human trafficking to Europe,” explains Thiago Rodrigues.
In keeping with the researcher, there are a number of explanations for this phenomenon. The obvious is the geographic location of Brazil. Along with being the one nation adjoining to a few producers, the nation is conveniently positioned within the South Atlantic, permitting for straightforward sea connections with Africa and Europe.
Different factors highlighted by Rodrigues are the presence of worldwide felony organizations in Brazil, such because the Italian Mafia, for a number of years, and the position of Brazilian felony factions, comparable to these in Rio and São Paulo, in intercontinental trafficking.
The researcher additionally reminds that Brazil is a vital client marketplace for cocaine, which can also be identified by the report of the United Nations. Between 2016 and 2021, 416 tons of cocaine had been seized throughout the nation, in line with PF information.
The Ministry of Justice and Public Safety mentioned in a press release that it has round 1,000 safety professionals on everlasting surveillance alongside the nation’s 16,900 kilometers of land border via Operation Horus.
The ministry additionally knowledgeable that it’s investing in coaching and within the acquisition of assorted forms of vessels to stop the entry of medicine via the rivers.
“Due to the built-in motion of the state and federal safety forces, from Might 2019 to Might 2022, it was attainable to keep away from breaching R$ 801.2 million in public coffers and embezzling R$ 6 billion from felony organizations by seizing medication (1,515 tons), weapons (4,400 ), automobiles (8,700), boats (659), contraband merchandise and the arrest of 15,300 folks,” the observe mentioned.