The case of veto permits the switch of property titles by a notary

The overturning of the President’s veto of Article 11 of Federal Regulation No. 14,382 by the Nationwide Congress, which passed off on Christmas Eve final yr, allowed the necessary property judgment course of to be performed immediately at a notary nationwide as the primary doc to have a notarial document drawn up by a Notary. Enforcement can solely happen if there’s a promise to purchase and promote and one of many events makes the switch of the property troublesome or not possible.

Carrying it out with a notary now has the benefit that the process, which till now has solely been performed in court docket and might last as long as 5 years, will be carried out out of court docket in a median time of as much as three months, relying on the case, and extra cheaply by means of a notarial document on the notary workplace.

The Vice President of the Colégio Notarial do Brasil, Part Rio de Janeiro (CNB/RJ), Edyanne Frota Cordeiro, confirmed that it was doable to hold out the process with the intention to relieve the judiciary and be sooner for the consumer by means of the notaries. This example happens at any time when the particular person has already paid for the property and fails to have the title deed, ie he can not eliminate the property in full, lease it out, promote it or give it as safety.

“The particular person has to begin on the notary and make a notarial document. This can be a doc through which the particular person proves that the opposite celebration owes title to the property, which would be the promissory observe vendor i.e. the one who promised to promote or the promissory observe issuer who’s are the so-called drawer contracts, ”he shared with Edyanne in an interview Company for Brazil. The drawer contract is the casual doc for getting and promoting actual property, with out registration with an actual property notary and with out exterior interference from banks or actual property institutes.


The CNB/RJ Vice President defined that the particular person should show to the notary by means of paperwork corresponding to financial institution statements, copies of checks, and thru varied authorized signifies that they’ve paid and likewise tried to acquire the belongings of the one who promised at hand over the belongings , when he obtained the prize and didn’t, and his executor if the asset was within the property. A number of causes might clarify why this didn’t occur: the particular person was absent, she was in an unsafe and unknown place, she had already died as a result of she did not need it, the Vice President stated. “Typically it may be a building firm that went bankrupt or ended, or that its representatives refuse to honor the beforehand signed settlement.”

In keeping with him, “it will be important that every part has already been paid and the particular person has not obtained the ultimate deed, that’s, the title deed for registration on the land registry”. It may additionally occur that the particular person has paid off the property however has not paid the property switch tax (ITBI) that’s payable when buying a property.

It’s as much as the notary to do all of the authorized preparations for the particular person, ie put together the doc and acquire proof that the particular person has paid the stipulated worth. Then the notary’s clerk places every part in a notarial deed. The log then goes to the accountable land registry workplace, which should come from the district through which the property in query is situated. In one other neighborhood that’s not doable, stated the vice chairman. If every part is so as, the deed will be accomplished in per week.

The celebration pays the doc within the notary’s workplace, the worth of which depends upon the value of the property. The document ought to have an analogous worth. In keeping with Edyanne Frota Cordeiro, the measure might relieve 1000’s of lawsuits being processed within the judiciary, contribute to efficient land regulation and remedy the lives of many Brazilians who’re ready as much as 5 years for the end result of switch circumstances goes already paid off properties. , however the vendor refuses or is prevented from transferring the property to the client.


In keeping with the President of the CNB/RJ, José Renato Villarnovo, “The implementation of a compulsory choice within the notary’s workplace is one other nice achievement of the Colégio Notarial do Brasil and the Corregedoria Geral de Justiça do Rio de Janeiro. Many cities, particularly inland, have issues with properties which were irregular for years for quite a lot of causes. The out-of-court process is cheaper than court docket proceedings and relieves the judiciary. It’s an choice for the folks of Rio de Janeiro to make the most of the pace and safety of notaries to unravel the regularization of 1000’s of city and rural properties”.

The notarial document should comprise the identification of the property, the title and {qualifications} of the purchaser or his assignees contained within the promissory observe, proof of cost and characterization of the failure to satisfy the duty to subject or receive the title deed. “As a result of the title belongs to you (the one who paid for the property). It is only a matter of ritual. You’ve got already paid every part, you do not owe something. It is like going there to summon that title for your self; take what’s yours,” stated Edyanne.

Along with guaranteeing the authenticity of the paperwork, the notarial deed can certify the provision or non-availability of the property and the settlement of the authorized transaction, after having offered to the notary varied paperwork corresponding to revenue tax returns, emails and textual content between merchants proving receipt by the vendor, along with financial institution statements and different info that aren’t supported by paperwork. The messages exchanged between the contracting events can show the makes an attempt to acquire the definitive deed, show the issue or impossibility and be the true proof of the vendor’s refusal to subject the definitive deed.

The Vice President of CNB/RJ harassed that if a compulsory adjudication course of is already underway within the judiciary, the consumer should approve the revocation request by means of their legal professional or public defender to ensure that the motion to be carried out out of court docket. . .

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