Skincare glossary: ​​​what every ingredient does and the way to decide on merchandise – 16.01.2023

Are you aware how you can purchase skincare merchandise? Earlier than that: Are you aware if you actually need to do a skincare routine and which step-by-step directions? We additionally had many doubts. That is why we went after the specialists who helped us decipher the tough names that seem on the labels of those merchandise, in addition to perceive if we actually want an excessive amount of.

how you can begin

Earlier than you begin utilizing skincare merchandise (which implies “skincare” in English), it is necessary to know that any pores and skin can profit from a skincare routine. Promoting cosmetics is not nearly freshness or advertising and marketing.

The primary advantages of skincare are the prevention of:

  • Pores and skin most cancers;
  • untimely growing old;
  • stains.

However the merchandise talked about should not the identical for everybody: understanding what your pores and skin sort is is a vital component of planning. One of the best ways to seek out out is to go to a dermatologist.

This specialist is the perfect particular person to prescribe merchandise and point out necessary measures that can assist you:

  1. Don’t spend cash on cosmetics;
  2. Know your pores and skin sort and select the perfect merchandise for you;
  3. Perceive your pores and skin’s diploma of hydration and the way it behaves when it comes to oiliness;
  4. Use the required merchandise appropriately; and
  5. Keep away from utilizing any beauty product that may worsen the well being and look of your pores and skin.


Earlier than we speak in regards to the substances, let’s take a quick step-by-step have a look at the minimums that needs to be included in a skincare routine.

1. Solar safety

Picture: Getty Photos/iStockphoto

Possibly you assume solar safety and skincare are utterly various things. However dermatologists assume solar safety is definitely step one in skincare.

As a result of the principle operate of skincare is to guard the pores and skin, hold it wholesome and exquisite. And sunscreen protects the pores and skin exactly from the solar, which is without doubt one of the greatest villains of pores and skin most cancers and untimely growing old. So select a sunscreen with an SPF of no less than 30 and apply liberally.

It’s much more necessary to make use of sunscreen for these whose pores and skin is susceptible to blemishes, and in these instances it’s best to make use of a basis or a product with a colour possibility; provides extra safety.

2. Hygiene

Select a cleaning soap or cleaning gel particularly to your facial pores and skin — these merchandise are made for extra delicate pores and skin. Ideally, hygiene needs to be light with out damaging the pores and skin in order to not take away ‘good oiliness’. In case your pores and skin could be very oily, wash your face with cleaning soap as soon as or at most 2 occasions a day.

3. Hydration

Moist pores and skin maintains its pure protecting barrier, lowering the chance of irritation and allergy symptoms, in addition to rising tolerance to dermatological remedies. Even these with oily pores and skin ought to moisturize, taking note of the kind of product greatest suited to every pores and skin sort (we’ll cowl this beneath).

There are even two further steps that may be integrated right into a extra full skincare routine:

4. Antioxidants

These merchandise have the operate of lowering blemishes, defending in opposition to solar harm, bettering texture and pores and skin radiance. Most cited antioxidant by most studied and consulted sources Dwell effectively It’s vitamin C. It’s usually advisable to make use of within the morning.

5. Acids

Promote cell regeneration, enhance pores and skin texture, stimulate collagen, cut back the looks of pores and pimples. Most popular are retinoids (tretinoin, retinol, adapalene, retinaldehyde) and hydroxy acids (corresponding to glycolic acid). They will have an exquisite impact, however your dermatologist’s prescription is necessary, as the usage of acid may cause irritation, allergy symptoms, and sensitivities.

skincare dictionary

Now that you recognize that you’ll observe step-by-step, let’s speak just a little bit in regards to the merchandise. There are various skincare merchandise in the marketplace with all kinds of formulation. Manufacturers typically promote their lively rules, typically with out additional rationalization of how every component works.

That is why we have listed a few of the mostly used names in skincare merchandise. Get to know the substances and perceive the operate of every in your skincare routine:

sinet primarily based cleaning soap

  • These are merchandise with an acidic pH, which is nearer to the pH of human pores and skin and subsequently supplies higher elimination of dust and impurities.
  • It doesn’t hurt the pores and skin and doesn’t take away its good oils and pure moisture.

Cleaning soap for delicate pores and skin or child pores and skin

  • One other good possibility for hygiene, because it won’t hurt the pores and skin.
  • Use it to scrub within the morning or within the bathe.
  • Wash with cleaning soap not more than 2 occasions a day (when extreme cleaning will increase the pores and skin’s pure oil manufacturing) to keep away from a rebound impact.
Hyaluronic acid - iStock - iStock
Picture: iStock

hyaluronic acid

  • Substance with excessive hydration potential that helps to restore the pores and skin barrier.
  • It will increase the water retention charge of the pores and skin, leaving it comfortable and moist.
  • It has the potential to deal with nice wrinkles and enhance the looks of the pores and skin.
  • Regardless of its acid identify, it acts extra like a moisturizer and can be utilized year-round with out the irritating potential.
  • It may be used within the morning and night.

Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid)

  • Its important antioxidant motion prevents pores and skin growing old, blemishes and is a good anti-aging ingredient.
  • Helps picture safety.
  • It’s a highly effective precursor for collagen manufacturing.
  • One of the highly effective skincare merchandise with probably the most scientific proof.
  • It has a excessive price – watch out for very low cost manufacturers.
  • Search for merchandise that comprise pure vitamin C and keep away from merchandise that comprise (often cheaper) vitamin C derivatives.
  • It really works greatest in a serum format (which is extra watery).
  • Its most popular use is within the morning.


  • That is the principle part of the oil in our pores and skin.
  • It helps to kind a barrier coating on the pores and skin, defending it in opposition to aggression and stopping it from shedding moisture to the exterior surroundings.
  • Highly effective moisturizer particularly for the entire physique pores and skin.
  • Good lively precept for these with dry or delicate pores and skin.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.
phyto-retinol - iStock - iStock
Picture: iStock


  • The lively substance derived from vitamin A can be referred to as retinoic acid.
  • Its use requires care.
  • Use solely at night time.
  • Wash your face totally within the morning to take away all product.
  • Keep away from extreme solar publicity the following day – at all times use sunscreen when utilizing retinol merchandise.
  • Highly effective anti-aging agent, precursor of collagen formation.
  • It helps cell regeneration, softens blemishes and helps cut back nice wrinkles.
  • It additionally helps within the therapy of pimples and enlarged pores.


  • Favourite molecule of the time: it has anti-inflammatory energy in addition to hydration, however the profit is milder.
  • Due to this fact, it typically seems together with different elements.
  • It helps to revive mobile vitality and restore broken DNA.
  • It reduces the impact of ultraviolet rays on the pores and skin.
  • It has anti-inflammatory properties and anti-oil impact.
  • It helps to heal blemishes because it inhibits the motion of the tyrosinase enzyme.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.

rosehip oil portray

  • An extended-lasting, regenerating, moisturizing and anti-irritant substance.
  • It’s particularly indicated for very dry and tough pores and skin.
  • Its use for the physique is indicated for every type of pores and skin – it will possibly enhance facial oiliness and pimples.
  • It’s wealthy in oleic and linoleic acid and vitamin A.
  • It aids in wound therapeutic.
  • The anti-stain impact is hidden.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.

exfoliating enzymes

  • There are a number of completely different merchandise with this identify.
  • They assist peel the stratum corneum, probably the most superficial layer of the pores and skin, which is already made up of useless cells.
  • They assist make the pores and skin smoother, however use requires warning.
  • To forestall irritation, peeling needs to be finished as soon as or at most 2 occasions every week.
  • When finished effectively, exfoliation helps enhance the penetration of substances of skincare formulation into the pores and skin.
  • Exfoliating an excessive amount of may cause a rebound impact, leaving the pores and skin extra delicate and even oilier.
  • They can be utilized day or night time, however ideally they can be utilized as soon as every week.


  • It helps pores and skin moisture and helps stop indicators of growing old.
  • It will increase the quantity of water remaining within the pores and skin.
  • It’s a good possibility for treating scars, pores and skin after procedures or sensitized pores and skin because it helps to restore injured pores and skin limitations.
  • Discovered so much in shampoos, it is a good ingredient for these with dry hair.
  • It helps the pores and skin retain moisture for an extended time period.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.

Shea butter

  • A terrific moisturizer may cause pimples on extra delicate pores and skin as a consequence of its oily potential.
  • It is rather appropriate for physique hydration, particularly in dry areas corresponding to palms, elbows and knees.
  • It will increase pores and skin elasticity, which is extensively used within the prevention of stretch marks.
  • Helps strengthen the pores and skin’s protecting barrier.
  • It is rather good for dry or delicate pores and skin.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.

Salicylic acid

  • It has an exfoliating impact and can be utilized to regenerate pores and skin cells.
  • Indicated for acne-prone and oily pores and skin.
  • It helps to shrink pores and enhance pores and skin texture.


  • It’s an inhibitor of tyrosinase, the enzyme that produces pores and skin blemishes (primarily melasma with sunspots).
  • Highly effective pores and skin illuminator.
  • It has a managed use, that’s, it will possibly solely be used with a health care provider’s prescription.
  • Ideally it needs to be utilized in winter and in restricted concentrations.
  • Could trigger irritation: It’s a extra delicate product that requires medical supervision.

Product sort: cream, serum or gel?

Beautiful black woman drips collagen serum moisturizer on her face - Getty Images/iStockphoto - Getty Images/iStockphoto
Picture: Getty Photos/iStockphoto

Lastly, one final piece of knowledge you may be concerned with is the software for the merchandise you wish to purchase.

The automobile is the shape used to transform a chemical substance, corresponding to these listed above, which is an lively ingredient, right into a beauty that may be utilized to the face or physique. So the format: be it cream, gel or serum.

The software additionally interferes with the motion of the product and the impact achieved. For every pores and skin sort there’s a extra appropriate software.

  • Regular and dry pores and skin, delicate pores and skin and mature pores and skin: cream or lotion, as they’re heavier merchandise and have a extra moisturizing texture;
  • Oily pores and skin: Serum or gel, as they’re codecs that don’t stimulate oil manufacturing.

Sources: Fatima Britodermatologist and coordinator of the dermatology care discipline on the UFPE Clinics Hospital (Federal College of Pernambuco); Henrique Demeneckdermatologist and professor at PUC-PR; Juliana Okay. de Almeida, dermatologist of SBD (Brazilian Dermatology Affiliation), created by Unicamp (Campinas State College); and Alessandra Ribeiro Romitidermatologist and marketing consultant within the SBD Division of Dermatological Cosmiatry.

Leave a Comment