Podcast. The Paris Inventory Alternate, from Halle aux Blé to the Museum of Up to date Artwork

A former grain market, then the constructing of the Paris Chamber of Commerce and Business, the Bourse de commerce, within the coronary heart of Les Halles, is now a museum of latest artwork. With its metallic and glass dome and round form, the constructing has, on the one hand, preserved traces of the previous and, on the opposite, has been modernized due to the Japanese architect Tadao Ando. A reform that had two ambitions: to respect the unique constructing and permit it to meet its new features. Can the outdated fish market actually be was a museum? What technical challenges did it’s a must to overcome? Components of responses in a report with Marion Dubreuil and in debate with the crucial assembly of the Metropolis of structure and heritage, additionally a contributor to this podcast.

A complete story… We’re in 1763. The architect Nicolas Le Camus de Mézières wonders. He was commissioned to construct the brand new corn room within the coronary heart of Paris. However, what form ought to a constructing be given to be put in on a five-sided web site, which can be irregular? Nicolas Le Camus de Mézière first takes under consideration the restrictions linked to using the longer term constructing. It is going to be essential to foresee extensive accesses to take the products there, but additionally necessary areas to retailer a big a part of them. Lastly, ample gentle can be vital so that everybody can decide its high quality.

Delicate to the neoclassical codes in vogue on the time, and provided that the area in plan is decidedly peculiar, he opted for a round building made up of attics and galleries, and even supplied it with a double spiral staircase, as in Chambord. Thus, retailers and porters won’t meet…

The circular fresco and glass dome of the Paris Stock Exchange.

Twenty years later, the room, till then open to the sky, was topped with a picket dome to higher protect the grain. Sadly, a primary hearth destroyed the roof, then a second recurrence a number of many years later. Whereas the exercise of the wheat market continued to say no, the constructing closed and was later utilized by the Chamber of Commerce which, leaving the Palais Brongniart, moved there in 1889 for the Common Exhibition.

A flooring and columns are added, the forged iron and glass dome is enhanced, and it’s adorned with a monumental fresco depicting the exercise of worldwide commerce. Then the looks, at the very least externally, of the constructing is fastened. A stone’s throw away is Les Halles, the wholesale marketplace for contemporary meals merchandise.

At the present time. The opening to the general public of the Bourse de commerce was the nice cultural occasion of the 12 months 2021. After 5 years of labor, it completes the museum supply of the district with the Louvre on one aspect and the Pompidou Heart on the opposite. It’s about up to date artwork because it homes the gathering collected by François Pinault. The 85-year-old businessman commissioned the Japanese architect Tadao Ando to adapt the inside area to the presentation of his works. “The best way to intervene should not injury the integrity of the constructing. We will add issues, with out demolishing something. And subsequently to have the ability to take away the additions additionally to seek out the Bourse de commerce because it was designed »emphasizes the architect Thibault Marca, from the Parisian company NeM, who participated within the renovation of the constructing.

The Paris Commodities Exchange.

The modular areas are giant sufficient to host non permanent exhibitions with generally colossal works. On the bottom flooring, the museum’s most majestic room, with its 28-meter-diameter rotunda, options a rare structure: a concrete cylinder made up of 863 tatami-sized panels. It isolates the exhibitions from a large hall through which different works, of a extra modest measurement, may be offered within the authentic showcases of the constructing.

On the flooring, the exhibition rooms observe each other in a round route. Gaining top additionally permits you to admire the roundabout and uncover the works from one other perspective. Then, approaching the metallic and glass dome, the main points of the mural fresco may be found.

The floors of the former Paris Stock Exchange, which now houses the Pinault collection.

The skilled’s opinion. Throughout crucial conferences on the Cité de l’structure et du patrimoine, architects and journalists debated the renovation of the Bourse de commerce. They unanimously reward the work of Tadao Ando, ​​who “took benefit of the restrictions of the place and magnified it”in response to Sophie Trelcat, a journalist specializing in structure, city planning, design and up to date arts. “The immense and completely magnificent concrete cylinder of Tadao Ando is for me the primary work exhibitedshe judges Bringing a museum program to a constructing that was not initially made for it, which has undergone successive modifications, thus permitting gentle to flow into, is a whole and really clever success. »

Additionally learn: Article reserved for our subscribers The visible artist Bertrand Lavier on the Bourse du commerce: “I don’t come out of this expertise unscathed”

For his half, architect Richard Scoffier observes with admiration that Tadao Ando “He got here like a conquering Japanese and diverted the area for his personal profit and redesigned the portray of the dome, which we had not seen earlier than”nearly doing it “to undergo a piece of the Pinault assortment” ! In response to Isabelle Regnier, of World, “Ando has woke up a neoclassical structure that’s definitely excellent but additionally bland and boring. Now there’s a dialogue between the town, the constructing and the works. It’s a very thrilling place! “. An enthusiasm shared by the journalist and architect Philippe Trétiack, for whom the guts of the constructing is just, says: “ an achievement “.

“Fascinating arc”

“Fascinating Archi” highlights buildings with outstanding structure and design. In every episode, take heed to guided excursions and vigorous discussions, produced in collaboration with the Cité de l’structure et du patrimoine. Discover all of the episodes right here.

“Archi Interesante”, a podcast produced and directed by Joséfa Lopez for The world, in collaboration with the Metropolis of Structure and Heritage. Report: Marion Dubreuil. Voice over: Isabelle Regnier. Directed by: Eyeshot. Graphic Identification: Mélina Zerbib, Aurélien Débat. Collaboration: Sonia Jouneau, Victoire Bounine.

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