origins, historical past and traditions, all the things you have to know

Constructed round a Sunday non secular celebration and the group of bullfights (which, nonetheless, are not systematically organized as a part of the festivities), the primary “large summer time festivities” in Bayonne, as they had been known as of their beginnings, they befell for the primary time in 1932, on the initiative of a bunch of rugbiers mates from Aviron Bayonnais who used to go to the San Fermin in Pamplona, ​​Spain. The pageant fee of the time and its president, Benjamín Gómez, then selected a program impressed by the Spanish festivals, to accompany the celebrations of the Nationwide Vacation on July 14. The mayor, Joseph Garat, and his municipal council validate the idea and entrust the group to the initiators.

Parade in outdated Bayonne as a part of the nice summer time festivals, in July 1948.

Southwest Archives

On July 13, 1932, there have been aubades, road crossings, concert events, Basque ball video games, however above all cow races within the streets of Petit-Bayonne. Today can also be marked by a parade of flowered automobiles and a automotive magnificence contest within the alleys of Paulmy. The Bayonnaises and the Bayonnais additionally attend the primary outing of the Giants, developed by Benjamín Gómez.

speedy success

Regardless of the vagaries of the climate, the success of those first events was not lengthy in coming. And he is not going to be denied. Now inscribed on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Stock, the Bayonne festivities have since celebrated the cultures of the Basque Nation and Gascony for 5 days. They happen from the final Wednesday of July till the next Sunday. In 90 years of existence, they may have recognized solely two intervals of interruption: through the Second World Battle, in fact, from 1940 to 1946, then in 2020 and 2021, as a result of Covid-19 epidemic.

A few of its unique traditions have disappeared over time, such because the Verbena, which was held within the halls and gave artisans and retailers the chance to embellish their stalls with ever extra refinement. The identical goes for the crusing regattas on the Adour, the agricultural exhibits, the Place Saint-André, the lyrical performances on the theater, the caparisoned horse races at Saint-Esprit, the confetti battles…

Rouge et blanc, bands, vachettes, pelote, Karrikaldi, “chocolatier paquito”…

However most of them have endured, generally even developed. So in 1932 there was just one band. Errobiko Erroskilak, made up of younger rugby gamers from Aviron Bayonnais. The second, the Batsarrous, was based twenty years later by Jacques Simonet, often known as “Coco”. This mischievous proprietor of a café on rue Port-de-Castets had, amongst different issues, the concept of ​​bringing collectively in a gang the gorgeous youth of Bayonne who frequented his institution… and some others. the Batsarous. Right this moment, the bands are far more quite a few, however they may by no means be sufficient.

Initially, the normal colours of the festayres clothes had been blue and white. The blue, which got here from the employees’ overalls, was then changed by crimson, following the instance of the Pamplona festivities, the place crimson and white are the official colours. Right this moment, blue has all however disappeared in favor of ‘crimson and white’, however some purists nonetheless choose to put on the unique ‘blue and white’, the colour of the native rugby membership, Aviron Bayonnais.

The well-known cow races, the pageant of Basque power and the ball, because of the famend champions who got here to play epic video games on the Trinquet Moderne, have additionally been a part of the historical past of the pageant since its inception. The 90s noticed the delivery of the phenomenon of associations, the well-known “Peñas”, when the Karrikaldi, the occasion that celebrates Basque traditions, has made 1000’s of festayres sing and dance since 2005.

After which there’s the unmissable “paquito chocolatero”. In 2005, a world report was damaged with a 1,400-meter-long “chocolatier paquito” and 4,000 folks. It was crushed the next 12 months with 5,100 individuals for a size of 1,700 meters, then in 2007 with 6,000 folks for a size of two,000 meters, and once more in 2008 with 7,764 folks for a size of two,588 meters.

The keys to town and His Majesty the Lion King

on the identical subject

Our most beautiful images of the opening of the Bayonne Festival

Our most stunning photographs of the opening of the Bayonne Competition

PORTFOLIO – The ninetieth Bayonne Competition begins on Wednesday, July 27, and ends on Sunday, July 31, for 5 days of celebration for younger and outdated. The chance to return in photographs to the inaugurations of those festivals within the Basque Nation.

Two “capitals” traditions with out which the Bayonne Competition would definitely not be the Competition, have survived the years with unbelievable success. The primary is the throwing of the keys to town over the group of revelers, which takes place from the highest of the balcony of the city corridor, over the group of revelers and formally opens the Fiestas. The dignity is entrusted annually to a unique visitor of honor. For a time, the custom disappeared: folks tended to assume that from the second they’d the keys to town, they might do something…

However the three keys, resembling Grand Bayonne, Petit and Saint-Esprit rive droite, returned with the creation of King Léon in 1987. Bayonne counts, amongst others: Luis Mariano, Johnny Haliday in 1960, and right now Zazie, Jean- Jacques Goldman, Francis Cabrel, Hélène Ségara, Patrick Bruel, Bernard Lavillier, Manu Chao and Yannick Noah have taken over. In 2012, Vincent Cassel was one of many star visitors. The keys have additionally developed. Initially manufactured from wooden, now they’re manufactured from polystyrene… It hurts much less when you hit them on the top!

“Ah Léon, Léon, Léon, King of Bayonne, King of Bayonne…”

Second compulsory go to, the Lion King, well-known big puppet and patron of the festivities, who watches over his devoted topics from the balcony of the city corridor, through the time of the festivities. Impressed by an actual life determine from Bayonne, the late Léon Dachary (see chart beneath), well-known on the time for his escapades, was designed by comedian e-book artist Jean Duverdier. His court docket and his household grew over time with new big puppets.

the course of fleuri

Sunday is the day of the band mass within the church of Saint-André (one other mass is well known within the cathedral and within the collegiate church of Saint-Esprit). A parade of municipal officers is then organized to the city corridor accompanied by representatives of town of Pamplona, ​​​​to which Bayona and its festivals have been twinned since 1960. At evening, a flower parade sees the competitors for various embellished floats by metropolis associations. Then comes the closing act within the city corridor sq., the final nice ceremony of the festivities, throughout which every one of many 1000’s of festivities which have come to stay with ardour and respect these 5 days and 5 nights of celebration, takes off the crimson scarf .. See you subsequent 12 months.

Leave a Comment