(November 3, 2022 / Israel 21c) “There’s a nice consciousness world wide that local weather change will dramatically have an effect on meals safety and alter agriculture as we all know it,” stated Michal Levi, chief scientist and senior deputy director common of Israel’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Improvement.
“We’re all searching for sustainable methods to supply meals and discover new sources of protein, and there’s a lot of innovation and analysis in Israel,” she added.
Already a world chief in various protein startups, Israel now needs to be a big participant within the new “blue tech” house.
Blue expertise entails aquaculture — the science of sustainably harvesting protein sources from water moderately than land.
However aquaculture might be carried out even within the desert, with the suitable applied sciences.
This was one of many matters explored at “Agrisrael-Sea the Future”, the primary worldwide convention on meals from the ocean and the desert, held in Eilat from October 18 to twenty.
Organized by the Ministry of Agriculture, the convention introduced collectively entrepreneurs, researchers and authorities officers from Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Chile, Cyprus, Ecuador, Jordan, Iceland, Malta, Morocco, the Netherlands, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Spain, the United Arab Emirates and the US. States, amongst others.
Eilat, the long run heart for aquaculture
The Israeli authorities plans to take a position 170 million shekels ($7.6 million) over the following 5 years in schooling and infrastructure to make Eilat—and the broader Eilat area, referred to as Eilot—a nationwide and worldwide heart for sea and desert meals manufacturing.
“We’ll usher in researchers and college students and we will promote areas the place blue-tech startups can arrange, do pilots and check their applied sciences,” Levi stated.
The Ministry of Agriculture is working with neighbors, together with Egypt, on sustainable ventures to supply fish, algae and different nutritious meals.
This is a chance for Israeli aquaculture analysis to spill over into the startup world, Levi stated.
“Ocean fishing as we speak is principally searching, the one place the place business fishing nonetheless takes place,” she says, “and we imagine it needs to be carried out in a approach that does not hurt the ocean or endanger the fish. The primary situation is studying how you can breed fish in captivity as a result of they do not breed in captivity by nature.”
Colours Farm on Moshav Hazeva has been attaining this objective in numerous progressive methods since 1999.
For the previous seven years, Colours Farm has been working a closed loop aquaponic system for rising decorative fish alongside greens comparable to lettuce and basil, all yr spherical, utilizing recirculated water and with out fertilizers or pesticides.
“The fish produce all of the nitrogen and vitamins the crops want, and the crops return the water to the fish in superb high quality,” stated Colours Farm CEO Ran Epstein.
Leafy greens—together with greater than 100,000 heads of lettuce per thirty days—are bought in Israel’s largest grocery store chain. Decorative fish are bought all around the world.
“If everybody labored like we do, agriculture in Israel would use 90 p.c much less water,” Epstein stated.
Colours Farm is the one aquaculture firm within the CRISPRIL consortium established by the Israel Innovation Authority.
The ten-member consortium has researchers and entrepreneurs working collectively on next-generation genome enhancing tasks in sectors together with biomedicine (vaccines and prescription drugs), biofuels and meals.
Colours Farm makes use of CRISPR genome enhancing, in addition to different applied sciences developed within the nation, to supply fast-growing, disease-resistant fish, primarily for the Asian market.
“Our plan is to share our analysis and improvement with companions world wide, as a result of it’s unimaginable to export adequate portions from Israel,” Epstein stated.
Algae: Greater than a sushi wrapper
The dry, sizzling climate of Eilot supplies the right local weather for rising algae and microalgae wealthy in proteins, nutritional vitamins and minerals.
A number of Israeli corporations domesticate these easy aquatic crops to be used in meals components and dietary dietary supplements, pure pigments, dyes, biodegradable plastics and biofuels.
AlgaeNite grows a particular pressure of nitrogen-fixing microalgae, utilizing hydroponics and photo voltaic power, for functions together with meat/fish, natural fertilizers, cosmetics and bioplastics.
SimpliiGood sells flash-frozen spirulina, a superfood algae, in six nations.
Kibbutz Keturah-based Algatech, which was acquired by Solabia in 2019, produces AstaPure Arava astaxanthin, a strong antioxidant derived from microalgae.
Roni Sussman, former chief saltwater algae biologist for Algatech, is director of AquaculTech, a brand new blue expertise initiative of the Israeli Ministries of Agriculture and Financial system, the Israel Innovation Authority and the non-profit Israel Innovation Institute.
Benefits of aquaculture
AquaculTech goals to advance Israeli aquaculture by connecting aquaculture entrepreneurs with traders, researchers, personal and authorities companions, in addition to organising pilot websites the place startups can check blue applied sciences.
“Not all aquaculture is as natural as we wish, so we’re selling new approaches like RAS—recirculating aquaculture techniques,” Sussman stated.
Examples of corporations utilizing RAS embody Colours Farm, above, and AquaMaof in Rosh HaAyin.
Rising meals with seawater as a substitute of ingesting water, photo voltaic power as a substitute of fossil fuels and proximity to markets are additionally key to sustainability.
“At this time, it is extremely clear that meals manufacturing should happen the place you’re. You do not wish to be shopping for fish from Norway eternally,” Sussman stated.
“You need to be sure that if one thing occurs — viruses, safety points, supply delays — you’ll be able to produce your personal meals.”
Rising algae, fish and greens in swimming pools as a substitute of outside is one other recreation changer.
“Typical agriculture makes use of a variety of land,” Sussman stated, “and 80% of farmland as we speak grows feed for animals that can be meals. We do not have sufficient land to proceed with that, so we’ve got to supply meals otherwise.”
Aquaculture is among the solutions.
With aquaculture, “you produce extra protein per sq. meter than on land, and it is a lot more healthy to eat fish and crops than beef,” Sussman stated.
Above its weight
Sussman believes Israel has an enormous function to play in serving to the world produce meals from the ocean and the desert.
Not solely is Israel one of many largest exporters of mental property in aquaculture, she identified, however Israelis might be present in administration or advisory positions in aquaculture ventures from Australia to Iceland to Singapore.
“After I began speaking with corporations overseas, I used to be amazed to fulfill so many Israelis,” she stated. “We’re a extremely motivated power on this trade.”
Tel Aviv is listed twenty fifth within the world blue economic system ecosystem rating simply launched by Startup Genome of San Francisco.
Different Israeli corporations taking part within the Worldwide Sea and Desert Meals Convention included E-FISHient Protein, Vertical Subject, V-Corals, sea2cell and Enzootic.
This text was first revealed by Israel21c.